NAFO-seminaret 2018 - Spesielt invitert foreleser

Caio Miguel

Årets spesielt inviterte foreleser er professor Caio Miguel fra California State University. Miguel er hovedforeleser på forseminaret om stimuluskontroll. På hovedseminaret vil han holde en forelesning om "Bidirectional Naming, Problem Solving, and the Development of Verbal Relations".

Caio Miguel, Bio:

Dr. Caio Miguel is a Professor of Psychology and Director of the Verbal Behavior Research Laboratory at California State University, Sacramento. He holds adjunct appointments at Endicott College, MA., and at the University of São Paulo, Brazil. He is the past-editor ofThe Analysis of Verbal Behavior (TAVB) and currently an Associate Editor for the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis (JABA) Dr. Miguel's research focuses on the study of verbal and verbally-mediated behaviors. He has given hundreds of professional presentations in North America, South America and Europe, and has had over 60 manuscripts published in English, Portuguese, and Spanish. He is the recipient of the 2013-2014 award for outstanding scholarly work by the College of Social Sciences and Interdisciplinary Studies at Sacramento State, and the 2014 Outstanding Mentor Award by the Student Committee of the Association for Behavior Analysis International.

Under finner du beskrivelse av de to forelesningene han vil avholde på seminaret

Forelesning på forseminar

Successive Matching-to-Sample and the Establishment of Conditional Relations

Caio Miguel California State University

Kategori: Eksperimentell atferdsanalyse

Sammendrag: Although matching-to-sample (MTS) reliably produces equivalence classes, it requires several prerequisite skills. In the absence of these prerequisites, MTS may produce faulty stimulus control. Research has shown that alternatives such as compound stimulus discrimination and successive matching-to-sample (S-MTS) have been sufficient to produce conditional relations. Six experiments were conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of S-MTS to produce stimulus classes in 48 adults. S-MTS trials consisted of the presentation of a single sample stimulus followed by one comparison on a fixed location. Depending on the relation of the sample and comparison, participants touched (i.e., go) or did not touch (i.e., no-go) the comparison. Following training of baseline relations (AB/BC), participants received tests to evaluate whether untrained relations (i.e., BA/CB and AC/CA) emerged. Although participants passed symmetry tests, many failed transitivity. These results suggest that SMTS may be a promising procedure for the establishment of conditional relations.


Bidirectional Naming, Problem Solving, and the Development of Verbal Relations

Caio Miguel California State University

Kategori: Konseptuell/teoretisk atferdsanalyse

Sammendrag: We often solve problems by engaging in mediating strategies such as talking to ourselves. In order to accurately use and respond to these strategies, we must “understand” or react appropriately to the products of our own verbal behavior. The term bidirectional naming (BiN) has been used to describe the integration of both listener and speaker behaviors that leads to speaking with understanding. In this talk, I will describe a series of studies showing that in the absence of either speaker or listener behaviors, participants often fail to solve problems in the form of matching-to-sample and categorization tasks. It is proposed that to solve these tasks participants must either react to their own speaker behavior (i.e., BiN) or engage in covert imagining.